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Orchid Database

ENCYCLIAS once were called Epidendrum but so were Cattleyas and Laelias and many other orchids that grew in the trees as epiphytes. Today, they are large genus of epiphytic and lithophytic orchids of tropical and subtropical Americas and West Indies.

In nature, most of the species are found in Mexico and W. India. A few are also found in S. America.

The genus name comes from Greek enkykleomai (to encircle), referring to the lateral lobes of the lip which encircle the column. The abbreviation in the horticultural trade is Encycl. Is pollinated by birds and insects like bees.

These beautiful orchids require culture similar to Cattleya, although the cultural needs of Encyclia species vary owing to the broad range of habitats occupied. However, there are some generalizations, such as bright light, intermediate temperatures (55 to 60 F night and up to the 90s during the day) and allowing the medium to dry between waterings. Some of the species will exhibit a need for dry rest period during the winter.

Orchids like Encyclia, Cattleya, Oncidium and other genus, can in fact take a certain amount of direct sun.

The terminal leaves grow from thickened pseudobulbs. The flowers arise from an apical inflorescence. There are normally eight pollinia, but in some subgroups this is reduced to four.

Visit also:
Encyclia images
- Encyclia Species and Hybrids

Encyclia
ENCYCLIA because of so many different different species, culture can be confusing.
> photo: Vinicius Trettel Rodrigues