once were called Epidendrum but so were Cattleyas
and Laelias and many other orchids that grew in the trees as epiphytes.
Today, they are large genus of epiphytic and lithophytic orchids
of tropical and subtropical Americas and West Indies.
nature, most of the species are found in Mexico and W. India.
A few are also found in S. America.
genus name comes from Greek enkykleomai (to encircle),
referring to the lateral lobes of the lip which encircle the column.
The abbreviation in the horticultural trade is Encycl.
Is pollinated by birds and insects like bees.
beautiful orchids require culture similar to Cattleya,
although the cultural needs of Encyclia species vary owing to
the broad range of habitats occupied. However, there are some
generalizations, such as bright light, intermediate temperatures
(55 to 60 F night and up to the 90s during the day) and allowing
the medium to dry between waterings. Some of the species will
exhibit a need for dry rest period during the winter.
like Encyclia, Cattleya, Oncidium and other genus, can in fact
take a certain amount of direct sun.
terminal leaves grow from thickened pseudobulbs. The flowers arise
from an apical inflorescence. There are normally eight pollinia,
but in some subgroups this is reduced to four.
- Encyclia Species and Hybrids