this special genera has grown in popularity during the last few
decades of the 20th century, and currently they rank among the
most popular of all flowering potted plants. Today they are perhaps
the best orchid for growing in the home.
Phalaenopsis genera has approximately 60 species of orchids. The
abbreviation in the horticultural trade is Phal.
flowers are generally remarkably long lived. A spike of Phalaenopsis
can have flowers open for several months. Other atractive is the
fact of many species have excellent mottled foliage and still
attractive even when not in flower. Simply provide modest light
and consistent moisture, and they will delight you with their
relative ease of culture.
are native throughout southeast Asia from the Himalayan mountains
to the islands of Polillo and Palawan of the Philippines and northern
recommended humidity being between 50 and 80 percent. In humid
climates, as in greenhouses, it is imperative that the humid air
is moving. Leaves should be dry as soon as possible, always by
nightfall. In the home, set the plants on trays of gravel, partially
filled with water, so that the pots never sit in water.
for Phalaenopsis should usually be above 60ºF at night, and
range between 75º and 85º F or more during the day.
Although higher temperatures force faster vegetative growth, higher
humidity and air movement must accompany higher temperatures,
the recommended maximum being 90º to 95ºF. Night temperatures
to 55 F are desirable for several weeks in the autumn to initiate
flower spikes. Fluctuating temperatures can cause bud drop on
plants with buds ready to open.
on a regular schedule, especially if the weather is warm, when
plants are most often growing. Twice-amonth applications of high-nitrogen
fertilizer (such as 30-10-10) are appropriate where bark-based
media are used.
- PDF file. Phalaenopsis information.